Holidays and Months

29 Items

The yearly cycle of the Jewish holidays manifest deep insight into the meaning and purpose of the Jewish people and each individual’s soul journey in this world. The interplay of the holidays and the turning of the seasons, yield profound truths on multi levels, especially the inner psychological cycle of human consciousness, which is intrinsically connected to the changes of time and the seasons. Being in tune with the various meanings of each holiday gives us the opportunity to align ourselves with a sense of Divine time manifest in the natural world.

Rosh Hashana

Giving Birth to a New Year

On Rosh HaShanah in the year 1746, the Ba’al Shem Tov had an ascension of soul to the higher heavenly spheres where he found himself in the presence of the soul of the Messiah. In responding to his asking him “When will the master come,” the Messiah answered him with a verse from Proverbs (5:16): […]

The Significance of Rosh Hashana Also Being a New Moon

There are many levels of understanding the significance of Rosh Hashana also being Rosh Chodesh, a new moon. Every Rosh Chodesh inaugurates an entirely new energy and a new opportunity to begin again. The ability to renew and rejuvenate is one of the secrets of the Jewish calendar being based on the lunar cycle. The […]

The Significance of the Different Notes of the Shofar

There are three basic sounds of the shofar – tekiya, shevarim and teruah. In the Torah Rosh Hashana is actually called “Yom Teruah,” a day of sounding the shofar. The Sages in the Talmud all agreed that the teruah connotes crying, but disagreed whether it was like a melancholy moaning or a more uncontrolled staccato […]

Special Foods for Rosh Hashana

It seems almost every Jewish holiday has its special foods and Rosh Hashana is no exception. In fact, it actually has more special foods than any other holiday due to the custom of eating a series of foods at the first meal of Rosh Hashana and reciting various expressions of blessings desired for the new […]

Yom Kippur

Yom Kippur and the Four Letter Name of God

As part of the religious decorations in many synagogues around the world there is found the following verse from Psalms ( 16:8 ): “I put God before me at all times.” In Kabbalah this verse is interpreted to mean that the essential four letter name of God appears in the form and process of every […]

Going to the Mikveh Before Yom Kippur

Although immersion in a mikveh, a ritual bath before Yom Kippur is not mentioned specifically in the Torah, it is an ancient custom instituted by the prophets and continued universally to this day. It is mentioned in the Shulchan Orech, the basic code of law for all Jews. It is customary for not only men […]

The Neilah Prayer on Yom Kippur

Neilah is the fifth and final prayer of Yom Kippur. On an ordinary day we pray three times – evening, morning and afternoon. On Shabbat, holidays, and Rosh Chodesh we have an additional fourth prayer, musaf. Only on Yom Kippur is there a fifth prayer. Neilah means “locking” and therefore indicates the close of the […]


Shaking Lulav and the Unified Field Theory

During the holiday of Succot we “shake” four species, as prescribed in the Torah and explained by the Sages – one palm, two willows, three myrtle and one citron. There are untold meanings – from the simple to the mystical – regarding the types of species, their number, various correspondences to other sets of four […]


The Dream of Chanukah

We are taught that Rosh HaShanah begins the ten days of awe and repentance, a period during which the whole world is judged. At the final Neila prayer of Yom Kippur the judgment is sealed. Nonetheless, our oral/mystical tradition teaches that the final judgment really occurs on Hoshanah Rabbah, the last day of Succot. The […]

The Relevance of Chanukah Today

Without a doubt Chanukah is one of the most popular holidays among the Jewish people. Even for those whose level of religious observance is almost nonexistent, Chanukah has become a potent national, cultural, and symbolic holiday. Along with Seder night, Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur, lighting Chanukah lights has taken its place as an almost […]

Eight Chanukah Meditations

Infinite Light and Finite Light A basic question is asked about the menorah, the seven branched candelabrum in the Tabernacle in the desert and later in the Temple in Jerusalem, as well as the eight lights of Chanukah: does the light symbolize the finite or infinite? The answer is both. Above all else, the Tabernacle […]

Fast of the 10th of Tevet

Fast of the 10th of Tevet

One of the four fast days of the year connected to the destruction of the Temple is the 10th of Tevet. A second reason for the fast is due to the fact that on this day seventy Sages, who were forced to translate the Torah into Greek, finished their work. Ironically this fast day comes […]

Tu B’Shvat

Spiritual Insights

Tu B’Shvat is first mentioned in the Mishnah where it is listed as one of the four New Years in the Jewish calendar (Rosh HaShanah 1:1). Specifically, it relates to the mitzvah of tithing produce. According to the Torah, before the fruits of our labors can be enjoyed, certain gifts have to be given and […]

I Will Awake the Dawn

In a famous verse in Psalms, King David states: “I will sing and give praise. Wake up my glory, awake the harp and the lyre; I will awake the dawn” (Psalms 57:9). The obvious question is – doesn’t David have it backward – doesn’t the dawn awaken us and not us awaken the dawn? The […]


The Month of Adar

In the Kabbalistic book Sefer Yetzirah, each month has associated with it, among other things, a letter and a “sense.” The letter of Adar is kuf and the “sense” of the month is laughter, manifest in the holiday of Purim, the most joyous of all the holidays, as it says in the Talmud: “When Adar […]

Purim Torah

In the Torah on Chanukah we discussed how Chassidic thought envisioned the judgment on Rosh HaShanah taking effect. First we saw how the “closing of the gates” at the Neila prayer on Yom Kippur was delayed by all opinions until the last day of Succot, Hoshanah Rabbah, and how Chassidut “stretched” the delivery of the […]


The New Moon of Nisan

The new moon of Nisan, is a very important day for many reasons. It was on this day that Israel received their first mitzvah as a people in preparation for leaving Egypt – the instructions regarding Nisan being the first of the months of the year, as well as the entire system of the Jewish […]

I Am To My Beloved and My Beloved Is To Me

It is customary to read during the three pilgrimage holidays – Pesach, Shavuot and Succot – three different books from the Writings that relate to the themes of those holidays. During Pesach we read the Song of Songs, on Shavuot the Book of Ruth and on Succot we read Ecclesiastes. The Song of Songs, an […]

The Fifteen Steps of the Hagadah

The Hagadah of Pesach and all the rituals and mitzvot of the night are ordered according to fifteen steps. These fifteen stages in which the Seder unfolds are also referred to as “signs.” Our Sages tell us that signs and symbols have great significance (Kritot 6a). For example, we begin the year on Rosh HaShanah […]

The Seventh Day of Pesach

On the seventh day of Pesach we celebrate the crossing of the Reed Sea. On this day the Jewish people left the borders of Egypt and watched as the pursuing army was drowned in the sea. According to one Midrash the sea did not split until Nachshon Ben Aminadov entered the sea determined to cross […]

Sefirot HaOmer

Awakening From Above – Awakening From Below

When trying to understand the significance of Sefirat Haomer, the counting of the omer – the forty-nine day period from Pesach to Shavuot – we can ask the following question: Why do we count up from one to forty-nine and not the more common way of counting down to an anticipated event, that is from […]

Lag B’Omer

Lag B’Omer, the 33rd day of the omer, commemorates two events. The first is the interruption or end of the plague between Pesach and Shavuot that killed the students of Rabbi Akiva during the time of the Roman occupation of Israel. After the death of 24,000 students of Rabbi Akiva, Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, the […]

Open My Eyes That I May See Wonders in Your Torah

According to the wisdom of arranging the letters of Hebrew words in various ways, in order to extract multiple layers of meaning, the letters of the word Lag (as in Lag B’Omer) when reversed, spell gal. The root word gal has many meanings, one of which is “to open” or “reveal.” This meaning is expressed […]


Mt. Sinai and the Big Bang

On the morning of the day the Torah was given at Mt. Sinai, along with thunder and lightening and a heavy cloud on the mountain, there was the sound of a shofar that grew increasingly loud. Later it states that the people saw the sounds of the thunder and the shofar (Exodus 20:15). Rashi comments […]


It is related regarding the auspicious days leading up to the giving of the Torah on Mt. Sinai: “On the [first day of the] third month from when the children of Israel left Egypt, on this day they came to the desert of Sinai” (Exodus 19:1). Rashi comments that since it would have been more […]

The Three Weeks

The Month of Tamuz

During the month of Tamuz we begin the period called the three weeks, the time period between the fast of the 17th of Tamuz and the fast of Tisha B’Av, the ninth of Av. On the 17th of Tamuz , Moshe broke the first tablets upon seeing the golden calf, while the walls of Jerusalem […]

The Three Weeks

The days between the 17th of Tamuz and Tisha B’Av are called the “Three Weeks.” These days represent the collective tragedies that have befallen the Jewish people over the ages, especially the destruction of both Temples which occurred during this time period. As with all other holidays or auspicious occasions, it behooves us to look […]

Tisha B'Av

Birth Pangs

The Slonimer Rebbe explains that we usually speak of four cardinal exiles throughout Jewish history – Babylonia, Persia, Greece and Rome. Why, he and others ask, is the exile of Egypt, usually referred to as the archetype of all exiles, not counted among these? He answers by bringing a Midrash that interprets the second verse […]

How Could It Have Come to Pass

Since the Jewish calendar is based on both the lunar and solar cycles, seven leap years containing an extra month must fall within every nineteen year period. This means that the weekly Torah portions do not always occur on exactly the same calendar date each year. Sometimes a particular portion may be close to a […]